Saeva Dupka Cave
The SÐ°eva Dupka Cave isÂ located near the village of Brestnitsa in the Lovech region, about 100 km from Sofia and 40 km from Golets . The caveâ€™s name comes from the names of two brothers, Syu and Seyu, who hid in the cave during the time of Ottoman rule.
SÐ°eva Dupka consists of 5 galleries, the largest of which is The Srutishte (Demolished) Gallery. The gallery nearest the cave mouth is known as Kupena (Haysatck), since it resembles a haystack. Visitors then enter Strutishte, which looks like it has just been struck by a powerful earthquake, with stone blocks strewn on its floor. The galleries after that are called Harmana (Threshing Floor), Belya Zamak (White Palace), and Kosmos (Cosmos).
SÐ°eva Dupka is exceptionally beautiful, displaying all forms found in caves: stalactites, stalagmites, karst lakes, rock curtains, and so forth. The caveâ€™s lavishly decorated walls and ceiling give visitors the impression that they have entered a cathedral. The Harmana Gallery has such excellent acoustic properties that concerts are held here that often feature large choirs and famous performers. The cave has also been used a setting in films.
Many of the forms in the cave present recognizable shapes, and tour guides like to point them out and identify them by name. The cave tour takes less than an hour, but the other attractions in the area are sufficient to take up an entire day, at least.
In the caveâ€™s immediate vicinity are the most impressive Via Ferrata and the Lednitsa Hanging Garden. A Via Ferrata (Iron Road) is a trail equipped with iron cables on stairs, bridges, and parapets, allowing visitors to the Alps and other mountain ranges not trained as climbers to traverse precipitous terrain. While this Via Ferrata is far from technical climbing, visitors still use climbing gear here to scale the sheer cliffs.The Lednitsa Via Ferrata is the only route of its kind in Bulgaria, and offers equipment for both novices and more advanced climbers. Such extreme sport is exhilarating, though it can also verge on the downright dangerous. There are a number of routes of varying difficulty ascending the 100-meter Lednitsa face. While making the ascent, climbers depend entirely on their strength, courage, and of course the climbing equipment that is for hire on the spot.
For youngsters, though not only for them, a rope garden (a system of connected ropes and rope ladders) has been constructed high in the trees, presenting obstacles of different degrees of difficulty. It is a vertiginous maze requiring considerable strength, agility, and courage that is also unforgettable fun, particularly for larger groups. Visitors seeking tranquility rather than high-powered adventure may choose from the many marked hiking trails in the region.
In close vicinity is also The Blue Ostrich (Sinia Shtraus) farm, which is open every day. There is a little museum and a store in the farm, selling beautiful handmade masks and other souvenirs.
The Devetashka peshtera – Devetaki Cave is located 18 kilometers northeast of Lovech and 2 kilometers of the village of Devetaki. The cave is also known as Maarata or Oknata for its seven different-sized holes in the ceiling, through which sunlight penetrates and illuminates the central hall and part of its two fields.
In the beginning of the 1950s, serious explorations of the cave were held, concerning its transformation into a warehouse. The studies showed that the Devetashka cave used to be inhabited (with some interruptions) during almost every historical era. The earliest traces of human presence date back to the middle of the Early Stone Age before about 70,000 years BC. The Devetashka cave is among the cave deposits with the richest cultural artifacts from the Neolithic (6th millennium – 4t h millennium BC).
The entrance of the cave is 35 meters wide and 30 meters high. About 40 meters after the entrance, the cave widens, forming a spacious hall with an area of 2,400 square meters. The height of the hall is 60 meters; at some places it reaches 100 meters.
About 200 meters of the entrance, the two fields separate from the hall. The left one is more than 2 kilometers long, a small river runs along it, which passes through the main hall and flows into the Osam river. The right field is warm and dry. Its entrance is 2.5 meters high and 5.7 meters wide. The field widens after the entrance and forms a rectangular hall â€“ 50 meters long and 10-15 meters wide. This field ends with a small gallery with a round room, also known as the Altar.
The cave was declared a natural landmark by order No RD 238/ 7 June 1996.